Monday, May 25, 2020

Mythological Creatures Mermaids Essay - 1183 Words

Mythological creatures, such as Mermaids, are believed to not be true. If mermaids did exist, however, could they survive under the environmental conditions for which they live? Honestly, yes, under the absolute circumstances and correct biological makeup a half human/half fish creature could possibly revive in our natural world. Since a mermaid’s habitat is located in the ocean, they must adapt to its characteristics. The ocean is high in oxygen levels, but low in nutrient concentration. Also stratified, it has different zones known with distinctive components for each. For example, the upper photic zone accumulates plenty of light, but light intensity decreases rapidly with depth. To determine the temperature of the zones is based upon†¦show more content†¦Partitioning in this cycle are three main blood vessels: arteries, veins, and capillaries. These networks are scattered throughout the body and blood travels in only one direction. Lastly, the heart (located behin d the sternum or breastbone) is a hollow organ enclosed of smooth muscle that accommodates 4 chambers. Working in a rhythmic cycle, it pumps blood when contracting and accumulates with blood while relaxing. Therefore, allowing mermaids and humans to perform their roles in daily life. Continuously, mermaids are categorized as vertebrates because they do in fact have a backbone. Thus, all vertebrates have cardiac, smooth, and skeletal muscle. First, cardiac muscle is only found in the heart. Unlike skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle can trigger action potentials without input from the nervous system because of ion channels in their plasma membrane. Resulting in the rhythmic cycles discussed earlier. Second, smooth muscles, derived in hollow organs and blood vessels, are responsible for involuntary body activities; such as churning of the stomach. Third, skeletal muscle must be attached to a rigid structure in order to be operated. This category of muscle is only found in the top half of mermaids because of their fish-like bottom. Fish are over fifty percent muscle and are mostly segments of connective tissue that splits â€Å"sheets of muscle up called myotomes†(Ramel). To actively move inShow MoreRelatedBeliefs Are A Tricky Thing1190 Words   |  5 Pagesuntrue. Throughout history, mythical creatures have been a big idea in the human mind. It started out in fairy tales and novels in the early centuries of time and has transformed greatly into the 21st century. People often see and hear about these un-human-like creatures in movies, books and even the news today. They are vividly shown to be these believable creatures hiding within society. A largely discussed mythological creature is the mermaid. The idea of mermaids has been around for centuries andRead MoreFemme Fatale : An Overview1362 Words   |  6 Pagesa mystical femme fatale that is known for being beautiful, enticing and deadly. A female being that has the ability to entice a man with the intent to destroy his very being. The Mermaids, Nymphs, Undines and Sirens, these beautiful and deadly creatures are known all over the world. The alluring charms of these creatures are legendary and have been known globally for centuries. The femme fatale is known for being able to charm and lure wayward men for safety into an out of element location. TheseRead MoreComparing and Contrasting Ancient Greek Drinking Vessels and the Present Day Starbucks Cup1053 Words   |  5 Pagesbackground is painted black. Details within the contours of the figures are painted with a brush and are consequently more fluid than when incised in the black-figure technique. These paintings upon the vessels usually depict some sort of scene from mythological life. Most of these Greek vessels served as more than drinking vessels but as prizes, ways to illustrate stories and items used to place in tombs. Today, people may use Starbucks cups, as a â€Å"to-go† cup, conveniently for our societys busy livesRead MoreMermaid Essay1751 Words   |  8 PagesThe Mermaid Another mythical creature that could be rooted in fossil evidence is the mermaid. The mermaid is generally characterized as a half human, half fish creature that lives deep under the sea. Mermaids appear in cultures across the globe. As Shane Killian wrote, â€Å"There are stories of mermaids, in almost every culture going back centuries† (117). From ancient times to present, there is evidence that mermaids have been a part of numerous cultures as reflected in art, literature, movies, andRead MoreFairy Tales By Hans Christian Andersen1749 Words   |  7 Pagesmore familiar. In Hans Christian Andersen’s â€Å"Den Lille Havfrue†, better known as â€Å"The Little Mermaid†, Andersen uses prominent mythological and cultural ties to display the struggles of a young girl who wants to see what the world offers, as opposed to staying at the bottom of the ocean and living a mermaid’s long, but soulless and definite life. Written in the early 1800s in Denmark, â€Å"The Little Mermaid† is an excellent display of a mix of Danish mythology, beliefs, and society. Denmark is a countryRead MoreThe Love Song Of J. Alfred Prufrock, By T. S. Eliot927 Words   |  4 PagesPrufrock debates whether or not it would be worth it to talk to the woman he desires, but quickly shys away. His uncertainty towards women even carries on to the mermaids he sees singing at the beach. â€Å"I have heard the mermaids singing, each to each. I do not think that they will sing to me† (Eliot 760). Mermaids, mythological creatures, even intimidate Prufrock and emphasize his insecurities and timidness. â€Å"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock† by T. S. Eliot explains the reasons behind Prufrock’sRead More Starbucks Logo and Branding Essay3728 Words   |  15 Pagesas in the next version and the current version, the basic shape is circular with the company name surrounding an image in the center. Whether the image is that of a mermaid, a siren or something else is up for debate, but for now, the composition is our focus and the content will be discussed later. The original logo showed the mermaid/siren in its entirety, surrounded by concentric circles containing the name. This circular shape is seemingly placed atop a rectangle. The Law of Simplicity and theRead More Comparing the Symbology and Imagery in T. S. Eliot’s Poetry Essay1481 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"The Love Song by J. Alfred Prufrock,† written in 1910, published in 1915, and â€Å"Rhapsody on a Windy Night,† written in 1917, both of which were written by poet and literary-critic T . S. Eliot, the symbolism and imagery of the women represented in mythological means, the locations and landscapes that both protagonists wander through or plan on going to, and the nature that is used in both poems are very similar, yet uniquely different. â€Å"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock† is about a man with low self-confidenceRead MoreThe Myth Of The Devil1571 Words   |  7 Pageshero’s journey by offering gifts, lust, affection, fame and possession in order to obtain their soul. The Devil Figure archetype is shown in Heather O’Neil’s Lullabies for Little Criminals, Roald Dahl’s The Man from the South, Disney’s The Little Mermaid and John William Waterhouse’s The Siren. Heather O’Neil’s Lullabies for Little Criminals an intriguing novel, starring young Baby who is torn from her innocence and thrown into the adult world. Baby’s jovial, innocent character captures the attentionRead MoreGreek Mythology : Greek Gods And Goddesses1577 Words   |  7 Pagestheir research and knowledge on this topic whether it’s reading a book, researching on the Internet, or even just watching a movie. In this paragraph will be information on Greek Gods and Goddesses. There was a governing body for the Grecians. This mythological group was very important. They were usually the reason for war and many believed that they were so superior that they would bring disease and death upon others that they dislike or the people that would try to out shine them. They were called The

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Different Types of Harassment in the Work Force and at...

Harassment has been an issue in the work force and in many other fields for decades, leading all the way back up to 1964. The United States Congress passed Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, prohibiting discrimination at work on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin and sex. There are many different types of harassment that many do not even know that they can be accused for. Through out my research I will be naming every type of harassment and presenting an article for each topic. One form of harassment that is very common at a young age is bullying. Bullying is occurred manly at school, on the playground but it is also seen in the workforce. To many people bullying is the cause to harassment in the future. By not stopping†¦show more content†¦As he is talking to you, he decides to start giving you a friendly message. To him he thinks nothing of it since you are working buddies and you have been working there for 4 years and you have meet his whole family. But to you, you feel really uncomfortable and you feel that he is just trying to get a cheap feel. That is sexual harassment and in that case you should take it with your HR department and let them know the situation. If not, you can take the nice route and let him know that you do not feel comfortable every time he puts his hands on you and you would appreciate it if he would stop doing such gestures. Many women do not know that they can act upon any discomfort feeling that they come across and jus t tend to deal with it. Usually when that happens the matter tend to just get worse. Companies are now somewhat obligated to give training to prevent harassment in the workplace. If a company knows of any harassment taking place on the work force and do not try to prevent it, the company can actually be accused as well. There have been many cases out there that women sue the company for sexual harassment and they have won. They give reasons such as the company was responsible for the actions of her harasser who happened to be her supervisor. The company had failed to take proper action to prevent harassment. Although they had conductedShow MoreRelatedSexual Harassment And The Civil Rights Act Of 19641706 Words   |  7 Pagessexual harassment? The Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network defines sexual harassment as, â€Å"unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature in which submission to or rejection of such conduc t explicitly or implicitly affects an individual s work or school performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work or school environment† (Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, 2009). In the United States Sexual harassment is anRead More The Prevalence of Sexual Harassment on College Campuses Essay1399 Words   |  6 PagesThe Prevalence of Sexual Harassment on College Campuses One night, â€Å"Amy,† a student at State, was hanging out with some friends in her room. â€Å"A bunch of people were there, and one guy I didn’t know was obviously drunk and kept asking me out. I tried to brush him off, and didn’t take it seriously because he was drunk. I left to go to sleep. â€Å"He followed me to my room and kept banging on my bedroom door, trying to push it open and asking me to talk to him. I talked to him for a little while justRead MoreWorkplace Discrimination in the Canadian Police Essay1587 Words   |  7 Pagescommon type of discrimination police officers face is one based on their race or ethnicity. An officer is likely might experience racial discrimination in the form of harassment in the workplace. An example of this is a co-worker using racial slurs or unfavourable remarks towards an individual. Another form of discrimination in the workplace is the degrading of an individual based on their race or ethnicity, suggesting that their race or ethnicity is what got them here and not their hard work. MaleRead MoreWomen in the Workplace1627 Words   |  7 PagesIn recent years there has been a drastic increase in the number of women entering and participating in the labor force (Hepburn Simon, 2006). Since early history and the ancient civilization of man, women have played a secondary role, in which women were and still are viewed as less adequate than a man. A women’s traditional role in society is that of raising children, fulfilling duties around the house, and being the primary nurturer of the family. Many women in today’s society want and desireRead MoreDomestic Violence Against Women966 Words   |  4 PagesDomestic Violence against Women Domestic violence is known in different ways, which are domestic abuse, intimate partner or battering. Domestic violence occurs in a relationship between intimate people. It can take many forms including sexual and physical abuse, threat of abuse and emotional. Domestic violence is mostly directed towards women, though men are abused but chances are minimal. Domestic violence happens in same sex or different sex. According to Mayo clinic staff, it is difficult to identifyRead MoreDiscrimination And Sexual Harassment And Affirmative Action1594 Words   |  7 PagesDiscrimination and Sexual Harassment Most companies engage in some type of affirmative action policy. Affirmative actions are policies that are placed to engage in the improvement of underprivileged groups who either currently suffer or have historically suffered from discrimination and equality of opportunity. During our lecture, Dr. Kallfelz stated that affirmative action is a, â€Å"Proactive policy with primary immediate attempt to reform (and long term attempt to prevent and deter) socioeconomicallyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Iron Mines 1676 Words   |  7 Pagesfamily then she should work in the mines. The iron mines in Northern Minnesota began hiring female miners in 1975, but when Josie went to work their male employees still outnumbered females 30 to 1. The discrimination towards the female employees that accompanied this gendered workplace was blatantly evident before they even started their first day of work. Before starting work, Josie had to undergo a violating procedure to prove she was not pregn ant before she could begin work and while on a tour ofRead MoreViolence Tends To Threaten The Organization Of Society.1648 Words   |  7 Pagestoday’s society violence is permeated in almost every aspect of our daily lives. Violence in our society enters our homes, workplace, and schools and especially in the media. Violence is the intentional action or inaction causing physical, sexual and psychological injury, including battering, pornography, sexual assault, incest, child abuse and sexual harassment. Advertisers use sex to get our attention and they make claims about their product’s ability to make us popular, attractive and successfulRead MorePolice Use Of Force Too Far1191 Words   |  5 Pagesthe use of force too far. Studies show that over 45% of police use the use of force too far. The use of Force is there for the police to make them feel safe but in anyway you could see something the is misleading and lead to use of force in the wrong way. I think that someone needs to take a stand and say something about it because its getting out of hand with police at school and just police in the public. The way the police use force is only to keep them safe If you have to use force in the lineRead MoreEssay on The Growing Battle for Womens Equality1519 Words   |  7 Pagesgenerations women have been fighting for equality in our country. Although there have been many advances in this movement women are still treated unequally today. One of the most critical problems with womens rights today deals with women in the work place. Human rights violations against women must be documented, publicized, and stopped. Human rights violations against women have for too long been denied the attention and concern of international organizations, national governments, traditional

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Jungle Essay - 478 Words

The Jungle By: Upton Sinclair The story opens with the feast at Jurgis and Ona’s wedding in America, but soon flashes back to the time before they left Lithuania. Jurgis met Ona at a horse fair, and fell in love with her. Unfortunately, they were too poor to have a wedding, since Ona’s father just died. In the hopes of finding freedom and fortune, they left for America, bringing many members of Ona’s family with them. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;During time in America, Jurgis and his wife was getting robbed. They work their butt off, so they can earn money for the family, but they can’t even support themselves. The person at work was robbing Jurgis by taking out of what he was earning. Know one could do anything about it because†¦show more content†¦When Jurgis switched to this amoral lifestyle, he finally became successful. The foremen of Packingtown also lived by corruption. They fired union members, cheated people out of their pay, and required â€Å"gifts† before hiring people. When a foreman’s boss learned of this, he required â€Å"gifts† from the foreman to keep quiet. The police were also corrupt. They let robbers go, and demanded a percentage of what the robbers had taken. The politicians placed friends on the city payroll, accepted bribes from criminals, and bribed the police to avoid arrest. The Jungle is, however, more than an advertisement for Socialism. It describes the horrors of the meat packing industry in great detail. People were forced to work from before sunrise to after sunset. In the meat preserving plants, the floors were never dry. The workers would catch horrible foot diseases, causing them to loose toes and eventually entire legs. The butchers would be forced to move at a fast rate, often cutting themselves and others. They would still have to work though, or loose their job. Often, the wounds would become infected, and the butcher would die of blood poisoning. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In conclusion, it makes you think about life back in the days. It was kind of hard and cruel because life was just not perfect and fare. And afterwords reading this book makes people that are meat lover, stop eating meat. (Got to read the book, to know theShow MoreRelated The Jungle1075 Words   |  5 Pages The Jungle Essay nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, clearly depicts the socio-economic strife and political turpitude that ushered America into the 20th century. While telling the story of Lithuanian immigrants struggling to survive in Chicago, Sinclair illustrates how avarice and ruthless competition were driving forces in the exploitational predatory capitalist  ³jungle ² of American  ³society ² at the turn of the century. This radical novel, described as muckraking by PresidentRead MoreThe Jungle1982 Words   |  8 PagesRunning Head: THE JUNGLE The Jungle [Writer Name] [Institute Name] The Jungle Thesis Statement In this novel Upton Sinclair shows the problems of working class people. His believe in and contempt for capitalism as described in this story â€Å"The Jungle†. The writer explains capitalism in which the labor communities were treated very badly and to survive in the conditions of poverty. The novel rotates around the family of a character Jurgis Rudkus who have immigrated to America from Lithuania. AsRead MoreThe Jungle Analysis1641 Words   |  7 PagesCorruption, lies, adultery, politics, and death are all topics addressed in Upton Sinclair’s 1906 novel The Jungle. The book reveals the atrocities that occurred during the early 1900’s in Chicago’s cruel and disgusting meatpacking district. The Jungle chronicles the struggle of a Lithuanian family that came to America with dreams of making their riches and passing it on to their descendants. Analysis of the novel reveals a recurring theme of how desperation makes people do horrible things such asRead More The Jungle Essay774 Words   |  4 Pages The Jungle by Upton Sinclair Upton Sinclairs The Jungle is the tale of a Lithuanian immigrant, Jurgis Rudkus, and his family. Jurgis and his family move to the United States in the middle of the Industrial Revolution, only to find themselves ill-equipped for the transition in the workplace and in society in general. Jurgis faces countless social injustices, and through a series of such interactions, the theme of the book is revealed: the support of socialism over capitalism as an economic andRead MoreEssay On The Jungle Of Mystery751 Words   |  4 PagesDrew Meyer Taler’s Adventure Once upon a time, there was a tiger named Taler who lived in the Jungle of Mystery. The Jungle of Mystery has flowers of many colors. Taler really liked the blue flowers that grew alongside the cliff. That cliff looked over the waterfall. Her sister, Tara, said, â€Å"Now Taler, do not go near that cliff.† Taler heard what her sister said, but she did it anyway, and everyday Taler would get closer and closer to the edge of the cliff. â€Å"Now Taler, do not go near that cliffRead MoreThe Irony of the Jungle1510 Words   |  7 PagesThe Irony of The Jungle Between 1870 and 1900 Chicago grew from a population of 299,000 to almost 1.7 million, the fastest-growing city ever at the time. This surge in population was largely attributed to immigrants coming from European countries seeking a chance for employment and new freedoms associated with moving to the United States at the time. 1905, in particular, was a historic year when a surge of over 1 million immigrants came to the city. During this time, author Upton SinclairRead MoreDisillusionment In The Jungle1399 Words   |  6 PagesIn the politically righteous book, The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, a newly wed’s feeling of innocence and happiness after their beautiful wedding in their homeland come to an end following the reality of discovering their new life in America. The notion comes from the disillusionment of American freedom and the twisted advertisement of a capitalist system. America was systematically built to be corrupt and dehumanized the significance of individual existence. This was done by easily replacing, deceivingRead MoreThe Jungle Essay1521 Words   |  7 PagesThe Jungle Throughout Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle, the inhumane and disgusting treatment the working men and women was shown to the eyes of the American people. Although what the book is most recognized for is creating the Pure Food and Drug Act, an act that gave consumers protection from dangerous and impure foods, the many various horrors the lower working class had to go through was something that deserved more recognition. Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle, gives an insight on howRead More the jungle Essay1116 Words   |  5 PagesSinclair found the setting of the book that would bring him to fame. He first won recognition by the jungle in 1906. This book is a powerful realistic study of social conditions in the stockyards and packing plants of Chicago. It aided in the passing of pure food laws. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;This novel illustrates how greed and ruthless competition has made the turn of the century into a ruthless jungle. â€Å"Take or be Taken† was the guiding rule, and everyone was someone else’s prey. The meatpackingRead MoreThe Jungle and In the Waiting Room1545 Words   |  7 Pagestoday’s world immigration and emigration has vastly increased. With these increased movements around the world, the lack of communication creates many consequences. Without a language in common the attempt at communication is a difficult process. In The Jungle, Upton Sinclair explores the consequences of language barriers through a new immigrant family. The Lithuanian family do not have the language skills required for their new life in America and everyday life is a struggle. The problems that rise from

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Meiosis Vs. Meitosis Essay Example For Students

Meiosis Vs. Meitosis Essay More than one celled organisms grow by way of mitosis and the cytoplasmic division of body cells. On the other hand, meiosis occurs only in germ cells, which are put aside for the formation of gametes (sperm and egg). Reproduction by meiosis allows for species survival and it increases genetic variability. The process, during which the germ cells are generated is called meiosis. It represents natures solution to the problem of chromosome doubling that would occur, if two diploid cells, i.e. two cells with a double set of chromosomes would fuse. Accordingly does meiosis produce haploid germ cells, with maternal and paternal germ cell fusing at fertilization and thus generating a diploid fusion product, the zygote. Meiosis is made up by two subsequent processes, both of which resemble mitosis. In the first process are the homologous chromosomes separated. It has an unusually long prophase that is subdivided into different stages They are followed by metaphase, anaphase and telophase. Two nuclei fuse upon fertilization, so that the number of chromosomes does necessarily double. If this thought is spun further, would an greater growth of the number of chromosomes from generation to generation have to be expected. This is not the case, because the chromosomes are reduced to half their normal number in germ cell production. This process is called meiosis. It consists of two successive mitosis-like divisions: in the first division is the number of chromosomes reduced to their half, the second is a normal mitosis. Each germ cell contains a complete set of chromosomes, a haploid set. Accordingly are the cells haploid and zygotes and the body cells that stem from them are diploid, because they contain two equal sets of chromosomes, one from the mother and one from the father. They exist, especially in plants. At the beginning of meiosis, in prophase 1 the plate breaksdown and chromosomes become visible as in mitosis (1). The chromosomes have replicated but individual chromatids are not visible. Instead of lining up on a metaphase, as in mitosis, chromosomes come together in pairs (2). Each chromosome in a pair is similar in structure (homologous), but would have come originally from different parents. Later in prophase the homologous pairs twist round each other and chromatids may cross over (3). Breaks occur at these crossovers or chiasmata, and pieces of chromatid are exchanged (4). Chromosome pairs line up across the equator of the spindle at metaphase I (5). In anaphase I the chromosomes separate and travel to opposite ends of the spindle. The chromosomes migrate to the equators of two new spindles for metaphase 2 (7). Next the chromatids are pulled apart in anaphase 2 to form four clusters of chromosomes in telophase 2. The nuclear envelopes reform around four haploid nuclei that wil l give rise gameteThe leptotene. This phase differs only slightly from the early stages of mitosis. Usually are the cells and nuclei of meiotic tissues bigger than that of their neighbouring tissues and often do they seem to be longer and are longitudinally structured. At regular intervals can thickenings be found, like beads on a string: the chromomeres. Their number, size and positioning is constant in each species. The zygotene. During this phase begins the pairing of homologous chromosomes. It is also called synapsis and the resulting structure synaptic complex. Directly after initiation of the process does the pairing spread like a zipper across the whole length of the chromosome. The pachytene. During the pachytene does the pairing stabilize. The number of synaptic complexes corresponds to the number of chromosomes in a haploid set of the respective species. The pairs are also called bivalents. The diplotene. The bivalents separate again. During this does it become visible tha t each chromosome is built of two chromatids, so that the whole complex stands still, four strands during the separation. Normally is the separation not accomplished, but the homologous chromosomes stick together at certain points, the chaismata. This state is marked by the formation of cross-like structures, single or multipleloops. The diakinesis is the continuation of the diplotene. It is usually difficult to mark an exact limit between both states. The chromosomes condense and become more compact. The metaphase. From now on do the processes resemble that of mitosis again. The nuclear membrane is completely dissolved, the mitotic spindle fully developed. The homologous chromosomes do still stay together. The anaphase. During anaphase are the homologous chromosomes separated from each other. It is followed by the telophase, then by interkinesis. Shortly afterwards occurs the second mitotic division with the usual states of prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. Here are the chromatids separated from each other. .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 , .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .postImageUrl , .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 , .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1:hover , .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1:visited , .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1:active { border:0!important; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1:active , .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1 .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ue015f006a9a182d98a122831ad6048c1:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Business Information Systems EssayAs a result of the meiosis of a diploid cell form four haploid cells, of which one or all can develop into gametes. Mitosis is the process that facilitates the equal partitioning of replicated chromosomes into two identical groups. Before the breakdown can occur, the chromosomes must become aligned so that the separation process can occur in an orderly fashion. The alignment of replicated chromosomes and their separation into two groups.Both the alignment and separation processes are the consequence of the chromosomes interacting with structures, known as microtubules. The microtubules become organized into an array known as a spindle, which forms early in mitosis, and then breaksdown as mitosis nears completion. Mitotic spindles are visible in living cells with the polarizing light microscope. Some of the spindle microtubules become attached to the chromosomes at sites known as kinetochores. They reside near the place on the chromosome known as its centromere, which can be observed with the light microscope. There are two kinetochores on each replicated chromosome (one on each chromatid), and whe n the replicated chromosome splits apart at its centromere at the onset of anaphase, each daughter chromosome possesses one centromere and one kinetochore. The linkages between kinetochores and microtubules are thought to be central in controlling both the positioning of the replicated chromosome at the central portion of the spindle during the alignment phase, and in moving the daughter chromosomes apart after they split at their centromeres. The separation of daughter cells from each other is a process known as cytokinesis, and is separate from mitosis. In cytokinesis, animal and plant cells differ considerably from each other. These differences are the consequence of having or not having a cell wall. During prophase, the replicated chromosomes undergo extensive condensation. The chromosomes are greatly thickened and shortened but are still contained within the nuclear envelope. Late in prophase, within some minutes of the nuclear envelope breakdown, the mitotic spindle begins to grow, and two zones become visible, with one on each side of the nucleus. With continued spindle expansion, the nucleus quickly becomes compressed and appears circular. Prophase ends with the sudden dispersion of the nuclear envelope, and the chromozone mass is no longer occupying a discrete, circular shape zone in the cell. Once the nuclear envelope has broken down, the spindle microtubules and the chromosomes are no longer separated by a membrane limit. The microtubules begin to interact with the chromosomes, and the chromosomes undergo a progressional movement, where they end up with their centromeres all situated in middle of the spindle, at a site known as the metaphase plate. Each kinetochore of the replicated chromosome is pointed toward one side of the spindle; later, in anaphase, each kinetochore moves to one of the two spindle pole regions as the daughter chromosome. The progress of chromosomes and the alignment of centromeres on the metaphase plate represent essential pr erequisites for the orderly separation of the replicated genome into two equal parts. The replicated chromosomes converge toward the center of the spindle, and once they get there, all movements cease. On either side of each centromere are sites for microtubule attachment to the chromosome; electron microscopists called these plate-like structures kinetochores. The kinetochores are not visible with the light microscope. At several points during metaphase, the chromatid arms may unwind from each other. This unwinding is especially apparent late in metaphase, just 1 or 2 minutes before the chromatids will split apart at their centromeres, with each replicated chromosome giving rise to two daughter chromosomes. Anaphase commences with the initial splitting of sister chromatids at their centromeres. These daughter chromosomes then begin to separate from each other, each moving away from the metaphase plate and toward one of the two spindle pole regions. The mechanisms that control chrom osome separation clearly involve the interactions between microtubules and components in or near the kinetochore. Sometime after anaphase onset, the chromosomes have moved close to the spindle pole regions, and the spindle middle begins to clear. In this middle region of the spindle, a thin line of vesicles begins to grow. The vesicle aggregation event is a harbinger to the assembly of a new cell wall that will be positioned midway along the length of the original cell. It will form the boundary between the newly separating daughter cells. This basket shaped structure forms in late anaphase or early telophase and breaksdown about the time that the vesicles begin to grow. .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 , .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .postImageUrl , .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 , .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2:hover , .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2:visited , .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2:active { border:0!important; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2:active , .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2 .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u9425756059479346be84bb3481ae10b2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Presonal Writing: My First Impression Of My Teache EssayIn Meiosis and Meitosis we deal with many of the same stages that it takes to create a new life form. Cell Division in meiosis and meitosis are very similar in that they can create and vary cell formation to adapt to certain applications,

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Feasibility Report of Women Boutique free essay sample

Plan for Fashion Boutique 1. 0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Overview Fashionista is an upscale womens clothing boutique that will open in October this year. Fashionistas clothing selections and exclusive personal style services include a detailed Style Assessment, which will ensure that our customers are well dressed. It is a woman-owned business, currently organized as a Sole Proprietorship. Clothing for stylish women It will carry Ready-to-Wear (RTW) designer and casual/contemporary apparel amp; accessories for women, and will be the exclusive U. S. ome of the German line, Herr Frau. Mission †¢ To provide women with a boutique that offers a comfortable and approachable environment †¢ To showcase quality, well-constructed fashions from prominent and cutting-edge designers †¢ To offer a variety of beautiful and high-end fashion accessories †¢ To help women learn what clothing and styles go best with their unique personalities †¢ To generate buzz and sales through top-no tch exclusive services Keys to Success 1. Having a good location in a high-shopping area 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Feasibility Report of Women Boutique or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Quality product and good relationships with vendors . Outstanding customer service Objectives †¢ To turn inventory five times and to maintain profit margins at 15-20% through close attention to expenses and cost of goods sold †¢ To drive awareness and build sales through mentions in both local print and the nations top fashion magazines 2. 0 COMPANY SUMMARY Fashionista is an upscale womens clothing boutique that intends to open at Prahladnagar in Ahmedabad in October. It carries beautiful designer labels for professional women, such as the sophisticated silhouettes of Herr Frau and luxurious handbags. Start-up Summary This business plan will be used for three purposes: †¢ To map out all the necessary components to create a successful and well-run boutique †¢ To provide management with a blueprint to follow †¢ To secure financing through private institutions and investors 3. 0 PRODUCTS amp; SERVICES Fashionista will carry Ready-to-Wear (RTW) designer diffusion lines and casual/contemporary apparel amp; accessories for women. It will also carry designer fashion accessories and various branded items. Apparel Lines †¢ Allen solley †¢ Van heusen †¢ Arrow Louis Philippe †¢ Wills lifestyle †¢ Park avenue †¢ Annabelle Accessories †¢ Local designer jewelry †¢ Handbags †¢ Belts, Scarves, Gloves, Hats 4. 0 MARKET ANALYSIS SUMMARY There are various economic forces that affect apparel retailers. Consumer confidence is the most important; people dont shop when they are not feeling good. Unemployment also has an effect, in that fewer wo men out in the workforce means less disposable income for high-end quality clothing. Thus, the large discounters are now working with top designers to bring designer apparel to the masses. Although they cant compete on quality, their continued development of the trend could have a direct impact on retailers who sell designer clothing during tough economic times. Market Segmentation Market Needs If you were to overhear women talking in a dressing room, you would more than likely hear them comment on something theyve tried on and question how they should wear it or what it will go with in their closet. Research has shown that women are stressed, have little time to shop, and would generally like help in determining the right clothes and styles to wear. Women between the ages of 25-54 are spending more money in apparel each year, there are sure to be some mistakes made in clothing choices. Television shows clearly speak to a womans confusion about what looks best on her. Even women who can afford a professional stylist feel helpless and often jokingly request that their stylist come to their home every morning to help them get dressed. Research indicates that women approach retail shopping uniquely by evaluating purchases based on product and company information derived from both personal and expert sources. The table below shows that out of the ten characteristics consumers find important in deciding where to shop, four were attributed to customer service. Kapra Boutique The Designer Shalwar Kameez Fashion House Search KB Designs Top of Form | | | powered by| | Bottom of Form This Blog | This Blog  Ã‚  Ã‚  |   | Top of Form Bottom of Form Pre-Feasibility Study BOUTIQUE (Women Designer Wear) INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Project Brief The pre-feasibility study focuses on the establishment of women designer wear Kapra Boutique including the operations of apparel designing, manufacturing, selling and marketing. The study has been designed to capture the dynamics of the Kapra Boutique industry, with its many components and possible strategic opportunities. 1. 2 Opportunity Rationale Clothing is a beautiful visual demonstration of the social and emotional needs of people wearing it. It also portrays in a clearly understood visual manner, what people of different cultures and styles want socially. Fashion, through times, has gone through so many rapid changes and bizarre extremes that it has examples of nearly every kind of clothing function. However, in a Kapra boutique business, the specifications and descriptions of the designs and clothes are so general that they can fit more than one costume, which actually are quite different in nature from each other and this is solely dependent on the taste of the people. The range of Pakistani dresses is remarkably wide, according to the vast cultures, geographical differences, purchasing capacities, influence of the western culture, and bewildering diversities of the ethnic groups. One has, therefore, to sift and isolate, and then relate and bring together, the ideas for creating various designs, which can fit in the context of the fashion in vogue and the culture in practice. In reference to Pakistan, the Kapra Boutique business is quite in vogue but has yet to be formalized. The market of this enterprise is quite scattered and unorganized. There are a few major players in Kapra Boutique business and these entrepreneurs have also taken an initiative based on their caprice and experience in the field of fashion design. However, there is a massive potential in this field, if one has the ability to design and market his/her products through introducing innovative designs both in stitching as well as the fabric sector. Furthermore, there is massive export potential in this sector, as the demand of Pakistani dresses, especially in countries like UAE, USA, and UK, is massive due to a high number of Pakistani expatriates who have settled in these countries. The Kapra Boutique business can also be expanded into a more profitable venture by providing stitching facilities to other Kapra boutiques, which do not own a stitching unit or are lacking this facility. . 3 Proposed Capacity The Kapra Boutique business capacity is greatly dependent on the market size and the number of potential clientele one can attract. Furthermore, the women fashion wear Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) Garments will be designed through a contracted designer and then stitched through in-house stitching uni t. On average, a designer can supply forty designs per month from which nearly twenty designs are selected on average. Approximately, total capacity of the defined unit with 5 stitching machines (basis on 8-10 hours shift) will be about 5001 dresses. The breakup of the total number of dresses will be as follows: Total designs selected by designer 20 Number of dresses in each design 5 Number of dresses in each size 5 Total Number of dresses 500 This production and sales capacity is estimated to be economically viable and justifies the capital as well as operational costs of the project. 1. 4 Total Project Cost The Kapra Boutique shop needs a total investment of about Rs. 1. 45 million. This includes a capital investment of Rs. 881,920 and a sum of Rs. 569,600 as working capital. CURRENT INDUSTRY STRUCTURE Currently, the Kapra boutique industry is relatively unorganized and is cattered in and around the posh areas of the metropolitan cities of Pakistan i. e. Lahore, Islamabad, Karachi, Peshawar, and Quetta. The Kapra boutiques in Peshawar and Quetta, mostly sell the traditional dresses having indigenous/local designs, whereas the ones in Lahore, Islamabad, and Karachi deal in fashion wear greatly influenced by the west and the loca l trends in vogue. As such, there is no exact detail available of the number of Kapra boutiques, especially in women wear, because there is no association or link between these enterprises. The reason being the business rivalries and the competitive structure of this industry. However, one can name a few major players in the business such as Indifference, Generation, Parahan, Nee Punhal, Bossini, Kapre Waghera, Maria B, Ninas, and some individual designer players like Beegees, Nilofar Shahid, Nadia Mistri, Amir Adnan, Shayan Malik, and Sahar Saigol. MARKETING The marketing of Kapra boutique follows the conventional marketing pattern which is dependent on selection of venue of the outlet/s and the product mix (designs and sizes), as well as the promotional strategy. Furthermore, the Kapra boutique owner has to marketing techniques like: †¢ Usage of print media i. e. rinting of posters and pamphlets as well as displaying it and distributing it at proper places †¢ Advertisement in print media i. e. newspapers and fashion magazines, etc. 1 This production also includes additional suits that will be prepared on orders/outsourcing/CMT (Cutting, Manufacturing and Trimming) per month in order to utilize the maximum capacity of the stitching unit. †¢ Usage of electronic media i. e. projection of the Kapra boutique in fashion programs, advertisement on television, and provision of dresses to various television plays and films. †¢ Event arrangement like fashion shows and photo-shoots. Usage of e-commerce i. e. launching of website and advertising on web. Moreover, in order to keep abreast with the emerging trends and client tastes, surveys regarding customer satisfaction/needs should be a regular feature of this project. As this project of Kapra Boutique deals in designer women wear, therefore the product mix will comprise of different styles of the female dresses in different sizes. Whereas, the styles will be Shalwar Kameez, Q-lots, Pajama Kameez, Frocks, Kurta, Peeshwaz, Party dresses, Casual Dresses and other prevalent dresses based on the market trends. The average sale price per dress is assumed to be Rs. 2,100. Apart from this, there is a vast export potential in this industry, which is evident from the export figures of 1998-99 (available from the data of Federal Bureau of Statistics-FBS). SITC2 Code Product Classification 2000 – 2001 Value (Rs. 000) 8422102 Suit women cotton not knitted 1,415,124 8422103 Suit women synthetic not knitted 501,917 8422104 Suit women (other textile material not knitted) 46,861 8422202 Ensembles women cotton not knitted 2,107 8424002 Dresses women not knitted 463,346 424003 Dresses women man made fiber not knitted 63,438 8424004 Dress women other textile not knitted 17,723 8424006 Shisha embroided dresses of cotton 286 8427006 Baluchi Kameez of Silk 27 Total 2,510,826 Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics Even these figures represent the formal export patterns of women dresses from Pakistan and are not representative of the export of these dresses taking place on informal level. Most of the wom en dresses prepared in Pakistan are exported to USA, UK, Germany, UAE, Saudi Arabia, France, Belgium, Netherlands, and South Africa. The end users of these dresses in foreign countries are mostly Pakistani and Indian women who have immigrated to these countries. RAW MATERIAL 4. 1 Raw Material The raw-material required for such sort of projects, would be as follows: †¢ Fabric: The fabric, which is the basic raw material requirement for a Kapra boutique and a major component of the cost, can be obtained from wholesale markets or from markets specializing in designer cloth at Faisalabad, Karachi, and Lahore. †¢ Accessories: Accessories such as buttons, laces, zippers, elastics, threads, needles, embroidery threads, glasses, etc. ill be procured from the local market at competitive rates. †¢ Labels, tags and packaging: Labels and tags can be obtained on order, as these serve as an identity for the Kapra boutique and are useful for promotion. PRODUCTION PROCESS FLOW 5. 1 Production Process Flow The process for converting fabric in designer wear garments follows the below mentioned sequence: †¢ Desig n: The initial process starts from the designing phase. Various patterns of clothing and the fashions in vogue, which also relate to the tastes of the concerned clientele, are designed. This is done by the contracted designer as he/she will provide the basic designs of which the fabric will be converted into the designer wear garment. On average, a designer is supposed to provide 40 designs per month or 100-120 designs per season i. e. three months. From these designs, approximately 50% of the designs are selected for further development of clothes. †¢ Pattern Making/Cutting: Based on the designs selected, patterns for cutting are developed and based on these patterns, fabric is cut, embroided, block printed, and processed accordingly3. Stitching: The cutting is then followed by stitching, which can either be done by the in-house stitching unit or by outsourcing it4. Labels are also attached to the apparels in this process. †¢ Finishing: The final phase is that of finishing, in which the garment will be checked for quality control and will cleaned (if required) for final presentation at the outlet. The garments will also be tagged for identification of siz es, prices, addresses, handling instructions, etc. 3 After cutting, the fabric is embroided and this is normally outsourced to any locally available commercial embroidery unit. In case of over-lock stitching, it will be done in-house. The stitching of buttonholes as well as elastic embedding will be outsourced. This will cost approximately @Rs. 5 per dress. Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) PREF-57/July, 2002/ Rev 01 Presentation/Market: Once the designer wear garment is ready after going through the above-mentioned process, it is presented at the outlet/shop for sale to the clientele. Designing Pattern Making/Cutting Stitching Market/Clientele Presentation Finishing HUMAN RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS The project of Kapra Boutique requires the following Human Resources/Staff: Positions Required Salary per Month Salary per Annum Chief Executive/Owner 1 30,000 360,000 Designer 1 15,000 180,000 Sales Girls 2 5,000 120,000 Production Supervisor/Cutting Master 1 8,000 96,000 Stitchers/Tailors5 5 6,000 360,000 Press/Iron Man/Finishing man 1 3,000 36,000 Office Boy 1 2,000 24,000 Total 12 1,176,000 MACHINERY/EQUIPMENT DETAILS The Kapra boutique will require a small in-house stitching unit. The cost of the stitching machinery will be as follows: Stitching Machinery 6 No. Rs/Unit Rs Single needle lock-stitch machine (Juki China) 4 20,000 80,000 Over-lock stitch machine (Juki China) 1 50,000 50,000 Accessories (Scissors, Cutting Board, Table, stools, carpet, etc. ) 50,000 50,000 Total 180,000 6 Though the prices here are given of the new machines but second hand machines are also widely available which can function properly and can reduce the project cost too. Furthermore, the following will also be required to setup a Kapra Boutique: Other Equipment No. Rs/Unit Rs Air-conditioner 1 30,000 30,000 Stereo System 1 23,000 23,000 Computer and Printer 1 35,000 35,000 Telephone amp; Fax 1 10,000 10,000 Credit Card Machine7 1 Total 98,000 PREMISES FOR SHOP AND STITCHING UNIT 8. 1 Recommended mode for renting a Shop It is recommended that the proposed location for the said enterprise be a posh area, where people have the buying capacity for women fashion wear. The size of the shop should be at least 800 Sq. ft i. e. 20 feet front and 40 feet depth. Furthermore, a small building will be required to establishing the stitching unit. One viable option is to rent a small house for this purpose. The shop will be obtained on rental basis, and the rent estimation for such a shop is Rs 30,000/month. According to the prevailing practice, six months rent as advance and three months rent as security would be required for renting the shop. It is assumed that security is a one-time expenditure, whereas pre-paid rent will only be given at the beginning, while establishing the Kapra boutique. After first six months, rent will be paid on monthly basis. The cost estimates for setting up the Kapra Boutique are as follows: Rs Security for renting shop/outlet (Rent @ Rs. 30,000 per month. 3 months rent as security) 90,000 Interior decoration (installing lighting, mannequins, hanging racks, mirrors, glass panes, cash counter, and ther decor, etc. ) 300,000 Security for renting a house for installing the stitching unit (Rent @ Rs. 6,000 per month) 9,000 Credit card machines are installed free of cost by the Bank on fulfilling the Bank requirements like having a Bank account, copy of registry or lease agreement of shop, etc. However, these requirements may vary from Bank to Bank. 8. 2 Infrastr ucture requirements The project will have the following infrastructure components: Infrastructure Requirements Sq. ft Main shop 600 Try Room 36 Small Store 100 Kitchen 64 Building for Stitching Unit 10 Marla House Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) PROJECT ECONOMICS 9. 1 Project Cost Description Cost (Rs. ) Machinery amp; equipment 278,000 Furniture amp; Fixture (Interior Decoration) 300,000 Security Deposits for Premises8 108,000 Pre-operating expenses Salaries9 98,000 Promotional Expenses 97,920 Total Capital Cost 881,920 Working Capital Raw material (Fabric amp; Accessories) 28,800 Accounts Receivable 108,800 Prepaid Rent (Kapra Boutique and Stitching Unit) 432,000 Total Working capital 569,600 Project Cost 1,451,520 9. 2 Project Returns Internal Rate of Return (IRR) 40. 18% Payback Period (Years) 3. 87 Net Present Value (NPV) 2,267,714 . 3 Financing Plan Financing Rs. Equity 50% 725,760 Debt 50% 725,760 8 Security Deposit for Kapra Boutique Rs. 90,000 (@Rs. 30,000 per month for three months), and for Stitching Unit Rs. 18,000 (@Rs. 6,000 per month for three months). 9 One month salary of staff Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) KEY SUCCESS FACTORS There are a number of factors, which contribute towar ds the success of a project. In case of the project of   Kapra Boutique, some of the Key Success Factors are as follows: †¢ Proper care while producing dresses should be adopted †¢ Proper Inventory management i. e. eeping minimum inventory as per past sales trends. †¢ The dress designs should be according to the emerging trends and fashions. †¢ Designing of dresses according to the consumer tastes/preferences gathered through consumer surveys. †¢ The location of the outlet should be properly selected and attractively decorated so as to target the clientele effectively. †¢ The customer satisfaction should be given due importance, because it is the customer satisfaction, which can increase the sales. Hence, excellent customer service should be provided. THREATS FOR THE BUSINESS †¢ Competitive Structure of the market The market of the Kapra boutiques is highly competitive, therefore if the entrepreneur is not well responsive to the tastes and response of the clientele as well as the fashions in vogue he/she may not be able to capitalize the opportunity properly. †¢ Pilferage in the designs The designs which a designer produce can be sold by the staff even before that design is launched and that can pose serious threat to the business because in the fashion industry it is the uniqueness of the design which matters. †¢ Selection of the wrong venue Selection of the wrong venue can be a major hurdle in achieving the desired business objectives. Selection of the wrong design If the designs are not selected according to the tastes of the clientele then it can be detrimental for the business, so the clientele taste should be properly tracked. †¢ Tax Improper documentation of the sales receipt record may lead to problems with Tax department. Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Desi gner Wear) FINANCIAL ANALYSIS 12. 1 Projected Income Statement Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10 Sales 3,264,000 3,698,112 4,189,961 4,747,226 5,378,607 6,093,961 6,904,458 7,822,751 8,863,177 10,041,980 Cost of Goods Sold Raw Material 576,000 639,936 710,969 789,886 877,564 974,973 1,083,195 1,203,430 1,337,011 1,485,419 Payroll P roduction Staff 672,000 719,040 769,373 823,229 880,855 942,515 1,008,491 1,079,085 1,154,621 1,235,445 Machine M aintenance 10,000 10,200 10,404 10,612 10,824 11,041 11,262 11,487 11,717 11,951 Embroidery amp; Accessories costs 300,000 333,300 370,296 411,399 457,064 509,830 564,164 626,787 696,360 773,656 Direct E lectricity 48,000 52,800 58,080 63,888 70,277 77,304 85,035 93,538 102,892 113,181 Total 1,606,000 1,755,276 1,919,122 2,099,015 2,296,584 2,515,663 2,752,147 3,014,327 3,302,601 3,619,652 Gross Profit 1,658,000 1,942,836 2,270,839 2,648,211 3,082,022 3,578,298 4,152,311 4,808,424 5,560,576 6,422,328 Operating Expenses Fixed Electricity 72,000 79,200 87,120 95,832 105,415 115,957 127,552 140,308 154,338 169,772 Payroll Administration 504,000 539,280 577,030 617,422 660,641 706,886 756,368 809,314 865,966 926,583 Shop amp; stiching house rent 432,000 453,600 476,2 80 500,094 525,099 551,354 578,921 607,867 638,261 670,174 Amortization pre Ops. Exp. 9,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 Telephone, Internet Charges 36,000 37,800 39,690 41,675 43,758 45,946 48,243 50,656 53,188 55,848 Promotional Expenses 97,920 55,472 62,849 71,208 80,679 91,409 103,567 117,341 132,948 150,630 Depreciation 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 Total 1,219,312 1,242,744 1,320,361 1,403,623 1,492,984 1,588,944 1,692,044 1,802,878 1,922,093 2,050,399 Operating P rofit 438,688 700,092 950,478 1,244,589 1,589,038 1,989,354 2,460,267 3,005,546 3,638,483 4,371,929 Non Operating Expenses Financial Charges 130,637 112,377 90,830 65,404 35,402 Running Finance Total 130,637 112,377 90,830 65,404 35,402 Profit before Tax 308,051 587,716 859,648 1,179,184 1,553,636 1,989,354 2,460,267 3,005,546 3,638,483 4,371,929 Tax 107,818 205,700 300,877 412,714 543,772 696,274 861,093 1,051,941 1,273,469 1,530,175 Profit after Tax 200,233 382,015 558,771 766,470 1,009,863 1,293,080 1,599,174 1,953,605 2,365,014 2,841,754 Opening R etained earnings 200,233 582,248 1,141,020 1,907,490 2,917,353 4,210,433 5,809,606 7,763,211 10,128,226 Retained earning beginning of year 200,233 582,248 1,141,020 1,907,490 2,917,353 4,210,433 5,809,606 7,763,211 10,128,226 12,969,979 PROJECTED INCOME STATEMENT Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) 12. 2 Projected Cash Flow Statement PROJECTED CASH FLOW STATEMENT Year 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10 Operating Activities Net Profit 2 00,233 382,015 558,771 766,470 1,009,863 1,293,080 1,599,174 1,953,605 2,365,014 2,841,754 Amortization of preoperational expenses 1 9,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 19,592 Security Deposit (108,000) Building Rent Expense 4 32,000 453,600 476,280 500,094 525,099 551,354 578,921 607,867 638,261 670,174 Building Rent Repayment (432,000) (453,600) (476,280) (500,094) (525,099) (551,354) (578,921) (607,867) (638,261) (670,174) Depreciation 5 7,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 57,800 Stock and inventory (28,800) (3,197) (3,552) (3,946) (4,384) (4,870) (5,411) (6,012) (6,679) (7,420) 74,271 Account Receivable (108,800) (14,470) (16,395) (18,575) (21,046) (23,845) (27,017) (30,610) (34,681) (39,293) 334,733 Account Payable 1 9,200 2,131 2,368 2,631 2,923 3,247 3,607 4,008 4,453 4,947 Cash provided by operations (677,600) 2 57,558 418,912 592,196 796,058 1,035,207 1,313,724 1,614,605 1,963,252 2,368,232 4,003,270 Financing Activities Share capital 7 25,760 Addition to Long Term Debt 7 25,760 Long Term Loan Repayment (101,445) (119,705) (141,252) (166,678) (196,680) Short Term Loan Repayment Cash Provided/Used for Financing Activities 1 ,451,520 (101,445) (119,705) (141,252) (166,678) (196,680) Investing Activities Capital Expenditure (773,920) Cash Used Provided by Investing Activities (773,920) Net Cash inflow/(outflow) 1 56,113 299,206 450,943 629,380 838,528 1,313,724 1,614,605 1,963,252 2,368,232 4,003,270 Cash Balance Brought forward 156,113 455,319 906,263 1,535,643 2,374,170 3,687,894 5,302,500 7,265,751 9,633,983 Cash Balance 1 56,113 455,319 906,263 1,535,643 2,374,170 3,687,894 5,302,500 7,265,751 9,633,983 13,637,253 Running Finance Cash Carried Forward 1 56,113 455,319 906,263 1,535,643 2,374,170 3,687,894 5,302,500 7,265,751 9,633,983 13,637,253 Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) PREF-57/July, 2002/ Rev 01 12. 3 Projected Balance Sheet PROJECTED BALANCE SHEET Year 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10 Current Assets Cash 1 56,113 4 55,319 9 06,263 1 ,535,643 2 ,374,170 3 ,687,894 5 ,302,500 7 ,265,751 9 ,633,983 13,637,253 Security Deposit 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 1 08,000 108,000 Stocks and Inventory 2 8,800 3 1,997 3 5,548 3 9,494 4 3,878 4 8,749 5 4,160 6 0,172 6 6,851 7 4,271 Prepaid Rent 4 32,000 4 53,600 4 76,280 5 00,094 5 25,099 5 51,354 5 78,921 6 07,867 6 38,261 6 70,174 Accounts Receivables 1 08,800 1 23,270 1 39,665 1 58,241 1 79,287 2 03,132 2 30,149 2 60,758 2 95,439 3 34,733 Total 6 77,600 8 72,980 1 ,214,813 1 ,712,092 2 ,391,907 3 ,285,405 4 ,659,124 6 ,339,297 8 ,374,302 10,821,161 1 3,745,253 Gross Fixed Assets Machinery amp; Equipment 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 5 78,000 578,000 Less: Accumalated Depriciation 5 7,800 1 15,600 1 73,400 2 31,200 2 89,000 3 46,800 4 04,600 4 62,400 5 20,200 578,000 Net Fixed Assets 5 78,000 5 20,200 4 62,400 4 04,600 3 46,800 2 89,000 2 31,200 1 73,400 1 15,600 5 7,800 Intangible Assets Pre-operational Expenses 1 95,920 1 76,328 1 56,736 1 37,144 1 17,552 9 7,960 7 8,368 5 8,776 3 9,184 1 9,592 Total 1 95,920 1 76,328 1 56,736 1 37,144 1 17,552 9 7,960 7 8,368 5 8,776 3 9,184 1 9,592 Total Assets 1 ,451,520 1 ,569,508 1 ,833,949 2 ,253,836 2 ,856,259 3 ,672,365 4 ,968,692 6 ,571,473 8 ,529,086 10,898,553 1 3,745,253 Liabilities Long Term Debt 7 25,760 6 24,315 5 04,610 3 63,357 1 96,680 (0) Short Term Debt Accounts Payable 1 9,200 2 1,331 2 3,699 2 6,330 2 9,252 3 2,499 3 6,107 4 0,114 4 4,567 49,514 Total 7 25,760 6 43,515 5 25,941 3 87,056 2 23,009 2 9,252 3 2,499 3 6,107 4 0,114 4 4,567 49,514 Equity Paid -up Capital 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 7 25,760 725,760 Retained Earnings 2 00,233 5 82,248 1 ,141,020 1 ,907,490 2 ,917,353 4 ,210,433 5 ,809,606 7 ,763,211 10,128,226 1 2,969,979 Total 7 25,760 9 25,993 1 ,308,008 1 ,866,780 2 ,633,250 3 ,643,113 4 ,936,193 6 ,535,366 8 ,488,971 10,853,986 1 3,695,739 Total Liabilities And Equity 1 ,451,520 1 ,569,508 1 ,833,949 2 ,253,836 2 ,856,259 3 ,672,365 4 ,968,692 6 ,571,473 8 ,529,086 10,898,553 1 3,745,253 Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) PREF-57/July, 2002/ Rev 01 KEY ASSUMPTIONS 13. 1 Production Assumptions Number of Stitching Machines 5 Production Capacity (No. of dresses per month) 500 Capacity Utilization for the first year (No. of dresses per month) 200 Self Production (% of total production) 60% Dresses manufactured on CMT basis (% of total production) 40% Monthly self production (Year 1) 120 Monthly Dresses manufactured on CMT basis (Year 1) 80 13. 2 Cost Assumptions Initial (Year 1) Average cost per dress (Rs. ) Material amp; Fabrics 400 Accessories 25 Embroidery Cost 100 Direct Labor Cost 280 Direct Electricity Cost 20 Machine Maintenance Cost 4 Admin amp; Rent expenses amp; promotional expenses 446 Fixed electricity 30 Average unit cost per dress (Rs. ) 1,305 13. 3 Sales Assumptions No. of dresses sold per month(Year 1) 120 Average unit price per dress (Rs. ) 2,100 Average Monthly Sales through retail outlet (Rs. ) 252,000 No. of dresses sold on CMT basis per month(Year 1) 80 Average unit price per dress on CMT basis (Rs. ) 250 Average Monthly Sales through outsourcing(Rs. ) 20,000 Total Average Monthly Sales (Year 1) (Rs. ) 272,000 Sale growth rate (Units) 10% Sale growth rate (price) 3% Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) PREF-57/July, 2002/ Rev 01 13. 4 Operating Assumptions Hours operational per day 8 Days operational per month (Production) 25 Days operational per month (Boutique) 25 13. 5 Cash flow Assumptions Account Payable Cycle (Days) 10 Account Receivable Cycle (Days) 10 Raw Material Inventory (Days) 15 13. 6 Expense Assumptions Initial Promotional Expenses (Year 1) (%age of expected sales) 3% Promotion Expenses after Year 1 (% of expected sales) 1. 5% Machine Maintenance per annum Rs. 10,000 Direct Electricity per month (Year 1) 4,000 Fixed Electricity per month (Year 1) 6,000 Telephone and Internet charges (Year 1) 3,000 Raw Material Price Growth rate 1% Payroll growth rate 7% Machine Maintenance growth rate 2% Direct electricity growth rate 10% Fixed electricity growth rate 10% Rent growth rate 5% Telephone and Internet charges growth rate 5% Depreciation Method Straight Line 13. 7 Financial Assumptions Project Life 10 Years Debt: Equity 50:50 Interest Rate on Long Term Debt 18% Interest Rate on Short Term Debt 18% Debt Tenure 5 Years Debt Payment per year 1 Discount Rate 18% Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority Government of Pakistan www. smeda. org. pk HEAD OFFICE Waheed Trade Complex, 1st Floor , 36-Commercial Zone, Phase III, Sector XX, Khayaban-e-Iqbal, DHA Lahore Tel: (042) 111-111-456, Fax: (042) 5896619, 5899756 [emailprotected] org. pk REGIONAL OFFICE PUNJAB REGIONAL OFFICE SINDH REGIONAL OFFICE NWFP REGIONAL OFFICE BALOCHISTAN Waheed Trade Complex, 1st Floor, 36-Commercial Zone, Phase III, Sector XX, Khayaban-e-Iqbal, DHA Lahore. Tel: (042) 111-111-456 Fax: (042) 5896619, 5899756 [emailprotected] org. pk 5TH Floor, Bahria Complex II, M. T. Khan Road, Karachi. Tel: (021) 111-111-456 Fax: (021) 5610572 [emailprotected] org. pk Ground Floor State Life Building The Mall, Peshawar. Tel: (091) 9213046-47 Fax: (091) 286908 [emailprotected] org. pk Bungalow No. 15-A Chaman Housing Scheme Airport Road, Quetta. Tel: (081) 831623, 831702 Fax: (081) 831922 [emailprotected] org. pk Pre-Feasibility Study Kapra Boutique (Women Designer Wear) DISCL AIMER The purpose and scope of this information memorandum is to introduce the subject matter and provide a general idea and information on the said area. All the material included in this document is based on data/information gathered from various sources and is based on certain assumptions. Although, ue care and diligence has been taken to compile this document, the contained information may vary due to any change in any of the concerned factors, and the actual results may differ substantially from the presented information. SMEDA does not assume any liability for any financial or other loss resulting from this memorandum in consequence of undertaking this activity. Therefore, the content of this memorandum should not be relied upon for making any decision, investment or otherwise. The prospective user of this memorandum is encouraged to carry out his/her own due diligence and gather any information he/she considers necessary for making an informed decision. The content of the informatio n memorandum does not bind SMEDA in any legal or other form. DOCUMENT CONTROL Document No. PREF-57

Monday, March 9, 2020

Victorias Secret Pink

Victorias Secret Pink Analyze the buyer decision process of a typical pink customer Consumers generally follow a certain decision-making process when buying products, particularly new or expensive items. They undergo five steps that include: recognition of need, search information, evaluation of alternatives, purchase, and after purchase behavior. These five steps represent a general process that can be used as a guide for studying how consumers make decisions.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Victoria’s Secret Pink specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is important to note, though, that consumers decisions do not always proceed in order through all of these steps. In fact, the consumer may end the process at any time or may not even purchase products from the Victoria Secrets.  According to the market research females, on average, have a larger deep limbic system than males, implying that they are more in touch with their feel ings as compared to men. It follows, then, that women are also tapped into emotionally charged images. Psychologists at the State University of New York and Stanford University found that, though emotion-evoking photographs were more likely than emotionally flat images to stick in the brains of both men and women, women were able to remember more of the emotional images over time than could men (Barney 114). Women use more of their brains to process emotional images. They have been found to have an increased ability to bond with and be connected to others-which equip them generally to be the best shoppers. A womans brain functions differently than a mans in decision making. This is not a debate about which genders brain is better, per se, because each is simply different in form and function. Understanding these differences gives Victoria Secrets a sound basis from which to launch consideration of female-focused marketing approaches. Apply the concept of aspirational groups to Victo ria Secrets pink line. Should marketers have boundaries with regard to this concept? The appeals given are some of the appeals which make use of reference group concepts. A reference group in this context is a set of people with whom consumers of Pink products compare themselves to shape their attitudes, values, knowledge and behavior (including buying behavior). These concepts are used by Victoria Secret brands in a number of situations and celebrity usage is one of the vital applications of reference groups. A brand would derive value from celebrity associations if celebrity usage is done in a conceptual manner. Marketers would need to maintain boundaries and understand the aspirational groups with which target consumers may like to associate themselves.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These aspirational groups would have to be represented in a manner which would appeal to target consumers. There could be three kinds of reference groups. The aspirational group is one which the young teens admire and like to emulate but they are not members. The consumer does not have a face-to-face contact with this group and hence it is a secondary group. Explain how both positive and negative consumer attitudes toward a brand like pink develop? How might someones attitude toward pink change? In general, the strength of ones elaboration likelihood will determine the type of process by which attitudes towards the advertised brand will be formed or changed. The persuasion model in indicates two mechanisms, by which persuasion occurs: at the top, a central route; and at the bottom, a peripheral route. Under certain circumstances, attitudes towards the advertised brand have a high probability of being changed in the direction of the experienced emotion; positive emotional reactions leading to positive brand attitudes, and negative reactions leading to neg ative attitudes. Also, because the consumers elaboration likelihood is high, it can be expected that any attitude change experienced under the central route will be relatively enduring. Message-based persuasion Attitude formation process results from processing message arguments. When Pink consumers are sufficiently motivated and are able to process a messages specific arguments or selling points, their cognitive responses may lead to changes in beliefs about the advertised brand or to changes in evaluations of the importance of the brands attributes and benefits. In either or both cases, the result is a change in attitude towards the brand. This process is based on the theory of reasoned action (TORA), which proposes that all forms of planned and reasoned behavior have two primary determinants: attitudes and normative influences. What role does pink appear to be playing in the self-concept of Tweens, teens, and young adults? Consumption types, whether symbolic, compensatory or vora cious, are closely connected to the development of the self, and often intersect through the use of dress. Likewise, as a client at Victoria Secrets goes through a role transition, he or she will likely choose objects believed to signify the new role. Participants often allude to specific brands of clothing as future consumption goals. We therefore, consider the role of brands like Pink within symbolic consumption at various stages of teens, teens and adults, and to the ultimate transformation of the self. Brands and the Self Brands provide benefits to the consumer. For instance, Barney argues that brands can act as consumers partners and that consumer-brand relationships are valid at the level of lived experience (112).Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Victoria’s Secret Pink specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A search for the common ground between a brand and consumer has resulted in the development of fiv e dimensions of the brand-consumer relationship: sincerity, excitement, competence, sophistication, and ruggedness (Berry 16). These five dimensions are perceptions identified and defined by the consumer, which serve as symbols of the similarity between the products attributes and uses. The relationship between the consumer and a brand requires a degree of emotional commitment from both parties. Branding that appeals to the consumers emotions, allows the brand and consumer to together construct their own story: which in turn, justifies further use of the brand Barney, Hansen. â€Å"Trustworthiness as a Source of Competitive Advantage.† Building New Forms of Cooperation in a Volatile Economy. (2009): 112-18. Print. Berry, Bendapudi. â€Å"Clueing in Customers†. Communicating in times of Uncertainty. (2002): 2-29. Print.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Management in organisation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Management in organisation - Essay Example To this end, the research would use the dominant theories and concepts of management and try to infuse it with the success of organisations Organizations & Businesses â€Å"Organisations are social entities that are goal oriented and are designed and deliberately structured to meet certain objectives† (Daft, 2009). An organisation involves people who come together to work together to attain certain results. An organisation revolves around the collection of various individuals and groups of people who work together to attain these stated ends. This means that the organisation has some social elements which culminate from the interaction of these different peoples who affect and are affected by the organisation. Also, an organisation works through the combination of various inputs for the attainment of specific results. This means that there is the need for some kind of person or groups of people to work and ensure that the organisation meets its stated and defined ends. â€Å" Organisations take inputs from the society and process them to outputs and offer it to the society† (Archer, 2012). This means that an organisation is more of a system that plays a role in the extraction of resources from the external environment, adding value to it and giving it to members of the society. It is therefore inevitable to have people within the organisation who have the duty of ensuring that the right things and the right proportions are met in attaining the end of the organisation. A business is formed when people pool their resources to form an organisation which has the primary aim of maximising returns on the investments of the owners or the people who pooled the resources (Hill, 2010). The owners or shareholders of such entities have the profit motive and they ensure that they have representatives who work hard to attain this profit motive for the organisation (Paddington, 2009). This group of people are known as the management. The management of an organisa tion or business have the right to use the resources of the organisation to the best interest of the owners (Millichamp, 2008). The fundamental role of management is to work hard to attain the objectives of the organisation that they work for. Management have to use various techniques and tools to combine the factors of production: land, labour and capital to attain optimal results for an organisation or entity (Ruda, 2008). In order to do this, there is the need for management to use a wide range of techniques and tools to come up with the best strategies and formulas for the attainment of organisational goals and objectives. This is done through the use of important management science and principles which provide the right combination for the various levels of management in an organisation. Strategy & Management Theory Management theories and principles define the roles of people who are tasked with management. The theories often refer to the established ideas and concepts that pr ovide the best framework for running a corporate entity (Jain, 2008). Management theories also helps an organisation to divide up work and break down its core tasks (Murugan, 2007). Management theories help managers to come up with the best ways of dividing up work and defining functions in a given business. From there, work is broken down and the span of control of each unit of the organisation is defined (Murugan, 2007). The division of work to the various